Primary healthcare in Lithuania is provided by a family doctor or by primary care teams, consisting of a specialist in internal medicine (a therapist), a paediatrician, a gynaecologist-midwife and a surgeon. Each person has to register to a family doctor. Family doctor has right to refer patients to other types of care. Patients are able to choose their primary care health centre and their family doctor and choose a hospital after referral.
Primary healthcare services are provided in public or private outpatient healthcare institutions. Specialist ambulatory care is provided in outpatient healthcare institutions and hospital outpatient departments, which can be state or municipally-owned (mostly) or private.
Costs of private healthcare services must be paid by the patient if the healthcare provider does not have an agreement with one of the Territorial Health Insurance Funds.
Emergency care can be provided by family doctors during services hours. Alternatively, or during out of the family doctors’ services hours, emergency care is provided by emergency departments of hospitals.
You can obtain medically necessary treatment by presenting the European Health Insurance Card (EHIC), when you are temporarily staying in Lithuania. Medically necessary treatment refers to treatment that cannot wait for your return home. You may need such treatment in case of acute illness or accident. You can also receive treatment related to pregnancy and childbirth or to a chronic illness. The need for treatment must emerge during the course of your stay. If your illness requires regular treatment while you are temporarily staying abroad, agree with the treatment provider beforehand on the arrangement of treatment. Treatments that need to be arranged in advance include, for example, dialysis, oxygen therapy, specialised care of asthma and chemotherapy as well as echocardiography in chronic autoimmune diseases.
You will receive treatment on the same terms and at the same price as the locals. It is advisable to carry copies of your European Health Insurance Card with you, along with the card itself. If you didn’t have your EHIC with you or it was not accepted, and you were required to pay all the costs of treatment yourself, you might be able to apply for reimbursement from Kela retrospectively.
Consult a general practitioner who works at a healthcare institution that has an agreement with one of the Territorial Health Insurance Funds – (THIF /Teritorinė ligonių kasa). A list of treatment providers which have an agreement with a health insurance fund, for example, doctors and medical centres, can be obtained from a regional TLK office. Medical treatment is free of charge if you show your European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) and ID.
You can consult a specialist if you have a general practitioner´s referral, in which case treatment is free. You must pay the cost of care by yourself if you consult a private doctor who doesn’t have an agreement with the THIF.
If you need urgent care, consult a dentist who has a contract with one of the THIFs. Dental treatment is free of charge when you show your European Health Insurance Card, except for costs of materials, such as those used in fillings. However, there are only a limited number of contract dentists in Lithuania as most of the dentist work privately. As a private patient you must pay for the costs of treatment by yourself.
When you collect prescription medicines prescribed by a doctor in Lithuania, show your European Health Insurance Card and ID. The health insurance fund will reimburse the costs of certain medicines approved by Lithuania´s Ministry of Health. You will be reimbursed for 50 to 100 per cent of these medicines. Thus not all medicines are covered. For these you will have to pay the full price. If your medicine is covered, the pharmacy will deduct the reimbursement straight away from the cost.
Admission to hospital takes place after referral by GP or specialist. In a case of an emergency you can go directly to the hospital. Present your EHIC and ID so care will be free of charge. Emergency ambulance transport is free of charge.
Check with the doctor´s surgery in advance whether the place of treatment accepts a referral written by a doctor in Finland. Private hospitals and treatment facilities may have varying practices with respect to referrals.
Read more about suddenly falling ill in Europe.
Read more about reimbursement of costs of treatment abroad.
If you wish to travel to Lithuania for the purpose of using healthcare services, you can find general information on our site concerning seeking treatment abroad. Some useful sources of information are also listed below. You should direct your questions about healthcare in Lithuania to the Lithuanian National Contact Point.
The website of the National Contact Point of Lithuania has a list of licenced healthcare providers operating in the country. You can search for private or public hospitals or medical centres, pharmacies or dental care providers on the site.
The Ministry of Health of Lithuania sets the prices for services in the country´s public healthcare system. Prices for the most common public health services are available on the website of Lithuania´s Contact Point. Private healthcare service providers set their prices themselves. If you seek treatment in the private sector, enquire about prices directly from the place of treatment.
Quality and safety of treatment
If you feel you have received incorrect or inadequate treatment, you can make a complaint directly to the hospital or treatment facility that provided the care. The party that treated you must respond to the complaint within 20 working days. Additional information about the complaint procedure is available on the website of the Lithuanian Contact Point.