School and student healthcare includes:
- Health inspections
- Healthcare services
- Medical care within basic healthcare.
Studying at a comprehensive school, upper secondary school or vocational school
The municipality in which the educational institute is located organises the school and student health care services. It is usually organised on school premises.
Healthcare for university students
The Finnish Student Healthcare Service (FSHS) organises student health services for students of applied sciences and universities. You can use FSHS services if you are studying for a degree at a university of applied sciences or university and you have registered for attendance for the term. Every student in higher education who is entitled to use FSHS services must pay a health care fee to Kela. You do not have to pay the healthcare fee if you have social security coverage from another EU/EEA country or from Switzerland or the United Kingdom. Even if you do not have to pay the fee, you can still use the services of the Finnish Student Health Service. Further information on paying the fee can be found on the Kela website.
If you are an exchange student coming to Finland, you do not have the right to use FSHS services. If you are an exchange student from the EU, the United Kingdom, Australia or Quebec, Canada, you are entitled to medically necessary treatment in public health care. Exchange students from other countries need private medical expenses insurance.
Your right to use Finland’s public or private health care
If you are a student or researcher arriving in Finland from another EU or EEA country, Switzerland, Australia or Quebec, Canada, you will be eligible for treatment in public health care and you will receive reimbursement for the costs of private medical care, medicines and travel from Kela.
- If you come from an EU or EEA country, the United Kingdom or Switzerland, demonstrate your right to treatment in public health care with the European Health Insurance Card. With the card, you will receive medically necessary treatment, meaning treatment that, according to a physician’s assessment, cannot wait until your return home. The duration of your residence in Finland affects the extent of treatment provided.
- If you come from the United Kingdom or Northern Ireland and have the GHIC card issued by the United Kingdom or Northern Ireland or your own student certificate of entitlement to medical care (CRA) issued by the United Kingdom, you can also get medically necessary treatment in public health care.
- If you come from Quebec, Canada, you must register the certificate provided by your health insurance institution at Kela. Kela will give you a certificate that you can use to demonstrate your right to treatment within Finland’s public health care.
- If you come from Australia, demonstrate your right to treatment in public health care with an Australian passport. Your permanent address of residence must be in Australia.
If you arrive in Finland as a student from outside of the EU and EEA countries, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, Australia or Quebec, Canada, you must have private insurance for the costs of health care and medication. Valid insurance is a prerequisite for receiving a residence permit. If you have a municipality of residence in Finland, you are entitled to use public healthcare services in a normal manner, subject to client fees. You can also use private health care services at your own expense. You can also take out insurance to cover the costs.
Working while studying may affect your rights to treatment
Inform Kela if you work while studying. Kela will determine your rights to treatment in Finland. For example, nationals of third countries from outside of the EU and EEA countries, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, Australia or Quebec, Canada who have a residence permit entitling them to work in Finland and a valid employment contract are entitled to use public health care services.
If you work in Finland as a grant researcher, information on social security coverage is available on the Kela website. For example, nationals of third countries from outside of the EU and EEA countries, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, Australia or Quebec, Canada who have a researcher’s residence permit may be covered by health insurance in Finland. When you are covered by health insurance in Finland, you can use public health care and get Kela reimbursement for using private health care.