The Romanian healthcare system is public. The public healthcare sector is managed and supervised by the Romanian Ministry of Health. Social health insurance is mandatory. The National Health Insurance House (NHIH) functions at national level and coordinates 43 health insurance houses.
You can obtain medically necessary treatment by presenting the European Health Insurance Card (EHIC), when you are temporarily staying in Romania. Medically necessary treatment refers to treatment that cannot wait for your return home. You may need such treatment in case of acute illness or accident. You can also receive treatment related to kidney dialysis, oxygen therapy, special asthma treatment, echocardiography and chemotheraphy. The need for treatment must emerge during the course of your stay.
You will receive treatment on the same terms as the locals. It is advisable to carry copies of your European Health Insurance Card with you, along with the card itself. If you didn’t have your EHIC with you or it was not accepted, and you were required to pay all the costs of treatment yourself, you might be able to apply for reimbursement from Kela retrospectively.
Romania has also private healthcare services. You cannot receive reimbursement for the costs unless the medical service providers have an agreement with the health insurance houses. Otherwise, you are fully responsible for the costs of treatment.
Make an appointment with a general practitioner or a specialist who has an agreement with one of the health insurance houses. At the reception, show your European Health Insurance Card and your identity card. Services included in basic basket are free of charge, but a deductible tax will be charged for other services.
You can receive medical services from dentists who have an agreement with the Health Insurance Houses. You can receive treatment for some illnesses for free. Urgent medical care is free of charge. Dental care is provided free of charge for children under the age of 18 from dentists who have a contract with the health insurance houses.
When collecting your medications from a pharmacy, you must present a prescription from a doctor authorized in an EU Member State where it was prescribed. In a situation where you have to pay for the prescription fully, you can request a reimbursement of the costs when returning to your home country. Children under the age of 18 and pregnant women receive certain medications free of charge.
In case of emergency, you can go directly to a hospital. Make sure that the hospital has an agreement with the Health Insurance Houses. At the hospital, show your European Health Insurance Card and your identity card. You will need to pay a deductible for hospital care and specific services (such as laboratory tests and imaging services). If you require additional services at the hospital, such as a larger room, you will pay for the additional costs yourself.
Emergency ambulance services are free of charge in Romania. Air ambulance services are provided only on Romanian territory and in cases of extreme urgency or secondary medical missions (critical cases hospitalized in health units that can’t provide appropriate investigation and medical assistance).
Read more about suddenly falling ill in Europe.
Read more about reimbursement of costs of treatment abroad.
If you wish to travel to Romania for the purpose of using healthcare services, you can find general information on our site concerning seeking treatment abroad. Some useful sources of information are also listed below. You should direct your questions about healthcare in Romania to the Romanian National Contact Point (Romanian health insurance institute Casa Nationala de Asigurări de Sănătate).
Quality and safety of treatment
In the event of treatment injuries, the legislation and patient insurance of the country providing the treatment is always applied. In case you are not satisfied with the treatment you received, you should first try to resolve the issue with the healthcare provider. The National Contact Point can help you with finding the right authority if you wish to make a complaint.