The Romanian healthcare system is public. The public healthcare sector is managed and coordinated by the Romanian Ministry of Health. Social health insurance is mandatory. The National Health Insurance House (NHIH) functions at national level and coordinates 43 health insurance houses.
You can obtain medically necessary treatment by presenting the European Health Insurance Card (EHIC), when you are temporarily staying in Romania. Medically necessary treatment refers to treatment that cannot wait for your return home. You may need such treatment in case of acute illness or accident. You can also receive treatment related to pregnancy and childbirth or to a chronic illness. The need for treatment must emerge during the course of your stay. If your illness requires regular treatment while you are temporarily staying abroad, agree with the treatment provider beforehand on the arrangement of treatment. Treatments that need to be arranged in advance include, for example, dialysis, oxygen therapy, specialised care of asthma and chemotherapy as well as echocardiography in chronic autoimmune diseases.
You will receive treatment on the same terms as the locals. It is advisable to carry copies of your European Health Insurance Card with you, along with the card itself. If you didn’t have your EHIC with you or it was not accepted, and you were required to pay all the costs of treatment yourself, you might be able to apply for reimbursement from Kela retrospectively.
Romania has also private healthcare services. You cannot receive reimbursement for the costs unless the medical service provider is in contractual relationship with one of the health insurance houses. Otherwise, you are fully responsible for the costs of treatment.
Make an appointment with a general practitioner or a specialist which is in a contractual relationship with one of the health insurance houses. At the reception, show your European Health Insurance Card and your identity card. Services included in basic basket are free of charge, but a deductible tax will be charged for other services.
You can receive medical services from dentists which are in a contractual relationship with one of the Health Insurance Houses. From this kind of dentist, you can receive certain basic treatment free of charge. For other treatment you will have to pay for yourself. Emergency dental care is free of charge. Dental care is provided free of charge for children under the age of 18 from dentists who have a contract with the health insurance houses.
In order to have your medication from a pharmacy in Romania, you must present a prescription from a doctor authorized in an EU Member State where it was prescribed. In a situation where you have to pay for the prescription partly or fully, you can request a reimbursement of the costs when returning to your home country. Children under the age of 18 and pregnant women receive certain medications free of charge based on a prescription.
In case of emergency, you can go directly to a hospital. Make sure that the hospital is in a contractual relationship with one of the Health Insurance Houses. At the hospital, show your European Health Insurance Card and your identity card. You will need to pay a deductible for hospital care and specific services (such as laboratory tests and imaging services). If you require additional services at the hospital, such as a larger room, you will pay for the additional costs yourself.
The emergency ambulance services on the territory of Romania are provided by the county ambulance services, Bucharest – Ilfov. Emergency ambulance services are free of charge for the patient. Air ambulance services are provided only on the territory of Romania for primary medical missions (serious road accidents, patients in critical condition or with other acute illnesses) or secondary medical missions (critical cases hospitalized in health units that can’t provide appropriate investigation and/ or medical assistance).
Read more about suddenly falling ill in Europe.
Read more about reimbursement of costs of treatment abroad.
If you wish to travel to Romania for the purpose of using healthcare services, you can find general information on our site concerning seeking treatment abroad. Some useful sources of information are also listed below. You should direct your questions about healthcare in Romania to the Romanian National Contact Point (Romanian health insurance institute Casa Nationala de Asigurări de Sănătate).
Quality and safety of treatment
In the event of treatment injuries, the legislation and patient insurance of the country providing the treatment is always applied. In case you are not satisfied with the treatment you received, you should first try to resolve the issue with the healthcare provider. The National Contact Point can help you with finding the right authority if you wish to make a complaint.