Finnish healthcare system

The Finnish healthcare system is based on public healthcare services to which everyone residing in the country is entitled. According to the Constitution of Finland, the public authorities shall guarantee for everyone adequate social, health and medical services.

Responsibility for organising public healthcare services is borne by the municipalities and joint municipal authorities. A municipality can organise services by providing them itself or in collaboration with another municipality. A municipality can also procure services from a private company or from an organisation.

Public healthcare services are funded by tax revenue and client fees charged for services.

Healthcare is steered by legislation, the system of central government transfers to local government, recommendations and guidelines, and supervision. The Ministry of Social Affairs and Health steers healthcare in collaboration with the agencies and institutions under it. Agencies under the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health include the:

  • National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL)
  • Finnish Medicines Agency (Fimea)
  • Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority
  • Finnish Institute of Occupational Health (TTL)
  • National Supervisory Authority for Welfare and Health (Valvira)

Valvira and the Regional State Administrative Agencies are responsible for the supervision of healthcare.

Health services are also provided by private companies, independent professional practitioners and organisations. Kela reimburses a proportion of the costs of healthcare to persons residing in and covered under health insurance in Finland.

Contact information of places of treatment

The contact information of hospital districts, on-call hospitals and maternity hospitals can be found here.

You can also find information about public healthcare services on the websites of the municipalities and hospitals.

Information about private healthcare providers is available on the FinlandCare website.